Water Treatment

Desware Contents

Survey of Long Time Behavior and Costs of Industrail Fluidized Bed Heat Exchangers

R. Rautenbach and T. Katz

Entrainment in Evaporators

C.D. Hornburg

The Problem of Non-Condensable Gas Release in Evaporators

Heike Glade and Klaus Genthner

Analysis, Approaches, and Models for the Release of Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Argon in Evaporators

Heike Glade and Klaus Genthner

Design Data for Non-Condensable Gas Release Rates in Flash Chambers

Heike Glade and Klaus Genthner

Mist Eliminators

Andreas Hambach

Interstage Brine Flow in MSF Chambers

R. Rautenbach and S. Schäfer

Heat and Mass Balances in the Evaporator Components Group: Stage Heat and Mass Transfer Balance

M.A. Darwish and Faisal Al-Juwayhel

A Case Study: Performance and Acceptance Test of a Power and Desalination Plant

Atef M Al Baghdadi


Raw Water Pre-treatment - Introduction and Overview

Pollution of Raw Water and its Measurement

Raw Water extraction installation

Measures to Prevent Biofouling

Precleaning - Flocculation/Filtration, Sedimentation

Extended Precleaning - Microfiltration , Ultrafiltration Nanofiltration

Preventation of Scaling

Further Pre-treatment measures - Ion exchange, Precipitation Methods

Pre-Cleaning Measures - Filtration

Basic principles of filtration

Particle transport and agglomeration mechanism

Filter systems and selection

Filter design principles

Filter media and selection

Filter backwashing methods

Operation of filter equipment

Flocculation and Flocculation Filtration


Basic principles of flocculation

Effects of flocculants and coagulants

Types of flocculants and coagulants

Design principles of dosing systems

Storing and preparing flocculants

Operation of equipment

Flocculation Filtration

Basic Principles of Floc-filtration

Design of Floc-filters

Control and Operation of Floc-filtration Systems

Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration

RO Feed Pretreatment

Introduction and Overview

Purpose of Post-treatment

Composition of desalinated Water

Standards and guidelines for composition of potable water

Processes for Potabilization of distillate and Perme

Composition of Desalinated Water




Water Quality Problems & Measures To Ensure High Quality Water for Human Development